Classical music refers to a broad genre of music that has its origins in Europe and spans over several centuries. It is characterized by its complexity, structure, and use of instruments such as the piano, violin, and orchestra. Classical music is typically divided into distinct periods, including the Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and Modern periods, each marked by distinct stylistic traits and composers. Notable composers of classical music include Johann Sebastian Bach, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Frederic Chopin, and Johann Strauss II. Classical music has had a profound impact on music and culture worldwide, influencing everything from rock and pop to film and television scores.